The calf region is predominantly made up of two muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus) and their attachment to the heel bone via the Achilles tendon. Nerves, smaller muscles and other surrounding structures are also actively involved in the calf region. The calf plays a vital role in functional activities such as walking, running and jumping.
Pain in the calf region can occur from:
- A direct blow to the area
- A strain to one of the calf muscles
- Referred pain from the lower back (lumbar spine)
Pain in the calf can persist or reoccur if left untreated.
Pins and needles, numbness, swelling and sensations of weakness are all indicators that you should seek assessment and treatment as soon as possible.